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Part 2. Cardinal Manifestations and Presentation of Diseases > Section 1. Pain >
Chapter 15. Back and Neck Pain
Back and Neck Pain: Introduction, Anatomy of the Spine, Causes of Back Pain, Pain in the Neck and Shoulder, Further Readings.
back pain; neck pain.
The importance of back and neck pain in our society is underscored by the following: (1) the cost of back pain in the United States exceeds $100 billion annually; approximately one-third of these costs are direct health care expenses, and two-thirds are indirect costs resulting from loss of wages and productivity; (2) back symptoms are the most common cause of disability in those <45 years; (3) low back pain is the second most common reason for visiting a physician in the United States; and (4) ~1% of the U.S. population is chronically disabled because of back pain...."
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