Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide, 7e
|Section 18. Hematologic and Oncologic Emergencies >|
Chapter e235.1. Common Chemotherapeutic Agents
Sections: Common Chemotherapeutic Agents: Introduction, Overview of Chemotherapeutic Agents, Organ System Toxicities, Conclusion, References.
Topics Discussed: antineoplastic agents.
Excerpt:"Cancer produces a major public health impact in developed countries.
The American Cancer Society estimates that 1.5 million patients
will be diagnosed with a new cancer each year in the U.S., with
an estimated 1 million cases of skin cancer. In men, the most common
cancers are prostate (25%), lung (15%), and colorectal
cancers (10%). In women, the most common sites are breast
(27%), lung (14%), and colorectal (10%).1 Cancer
is also a major cause of death; in the U.S., cancer is the second
leading cause of death, following heart disease. In 2009, lung cancer
was the leading cause of cancer death in men (30%) and
women (26%), followed by prostate (9%) and colorectal
cancer (9%) in men, breast (15%) and colorectal
cancer (9%) in women. Cancer treatment, depending on the
type and stage of disease, utilizes chemotherapy, surgery, radiation,
or combinations of the three. The chemotherapeutic armamentarium
continues to expand, with the addition of new agents and the recognition
of new toxicities...."
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